When to Worry About a Spider Bite

Bug bites are an unfortunate part of life. Though annoying and itchy, they usually resolve without treatment and leave no permanent damage. However, some spider bites can be more problematic due to their toxic venom. It is important to know that not all spiders are venomous, but some are. Knowing about certain venomous spiders can tell people when to worry about a spider bite. 

When to Worry About a Spider Bite

One of the most important factors affecting the seriousness of a spider bite is what type of spider made the bite. Of particular concern is the brown recluse spider, though other spiders can have problematic bites as well. If one receives a bite from one of the spiders listed below, then they should have the bite evaluated by a medical professional.

Brown Recluse Spider

This species of spider is of particular concern because it is one of the few spiders that could potentially harm a human. They live in the Southern and Central states of the United States, such as Missouri, Oklahoma, and Louisiana. Normally, they grow to about an inch long. They can be identified by a black marking on their back that looks like a violin. Like their name indicates, these spiders tend to hide in dark, dry, hidden places. Fortunately, they are not aggressive and will only bite when threatened or trapped. Unfortunately, they can hide in bedsheets or shoes, become trapped, and bite.

Because they carry a highly toxic venom, any bite from a brown recluse spider is a “when to worry about a spider bite.” Fortunately, they only inject a small amount when they bite and most cases result in few complications. However, in rare cases, these bites can lead to clotting problems, acute anemia, and kidney failure. The venom can also blister and turn skin the purple, which causes the skin to become necrotic. If this occurs, skin tissue dies and the bite will not heal for weeks to months. There is no anti-venom available.

Although these bites can be serious, 90% of bites have minimal complications and no deaths from these spider bites have been recorded. Skin reaction generally occur within several hours, but any yellowing, fever, rash, or vomiting that occurs in the next week should also be evaluated by a doctor. Medical treatment commonly involves antibiotics, though surgery and hospitalization are required for serious cases.

Black Widow

Living in the southern and western parts of the United States, black widow spiders are another venomous spider. They are identified by a red hourglass marking on their black bodies. Bites result in pain, nausea, cramping and restlessness. Elderly adults or children are the most at risk for health problems from these bites. Fortunately, anti-venom exists and can be administered by a doctor.

Hobo Spider

These spiders live in the Pacific northwest and run quickly on their long legs. They can bite when provoked. Their bites result in pain within 15 minutes, and the area can eventually turn into a red or purple blister that heals very slowly. Patients may also have visual changes, headaches, or nausea. Treatment is similar to that of brown recluse spider bites, with antibiotics given typically and surgery only for severe cases.

Tarantula

These large, hairy spiders can grow to 3-5 inches and live in deserts in the southwestern United States. One may find them hidden under rocks, in tree trunks, or tunneled inside burrows. They have venom, but it is not as harmful to humans as that of some other spiders. Still, bites can result in low blood pressure, rapid heart rate, and breathing difficulties along with redness or an itchy rash. Medical attention is required if patients show more serious symptoms.

Brazilian Wandering Spider

Growing up to 5 inches, these aggressive spiders are one of the most dangerous and poisonous spiders in the world. Bites are extremely painful and cause swelling, redness, and a hot sensation. Serious cases can cause sweating, drooling, and sometimes even death. Prompt medical attention is required and anti-venom is available. Fortunately, these spiders tend to be limited to Central and South America.

Of course, whether the bite comes from one of these spiders or another, there are symptoms that will tell you when to worry about a spider bite. At the same time, while many other symptoms may be annoying, they will resolve on their own and aren’t a cause for worry.

Serious Symptoms of a Spider Bite

Any spider bite can cause some pain or a mild, itchy rash, but other symptoms require medical attention. A doctor should immediately examine any bite that is red, oozing with fluid, extremely painful, or just not healing. Any symptoms that affect the whole body, such as chills, restlessness, high blood pressure, or difficulty breathing also require a medical examination. In general, treatment is more effective when started soon after a bite.

How Do You Treat a Spider Bite?

If the bite did not come from one of the spiders above, a number of home remedies will help. If you catch it early, the Bug Bite Thing can be very helpful. Cleaning the bite area with soap and water will reduce the risk of infection. Antibiotic ointment can also help, especially if the skin begins to blister. Icing with a cold pack for 10 minutes and elevating the swollen area will help reduce swelling.

Antihistamine medication, such as Benadryl, can help with any itchiness that develops in the bite. As it heals, remember to clean the bite repeatedly to prevent the risk of infection. If the bite does not heal with these home remedies, one should seek medical attention.

Conclusion

Spider bites are only an annoyance in most cases. However, if the spider bite is from a brown recluse or black widow spider, that is when to worry about a spider bite. These and other spiders with venom can cause severe symptoms. Fortunately, these are only in rare cases. Most bites can be treated by cleaning the bite, ice, and medication. However, if the bite does not heal over time or results in difficulty breathing or some other systemic symptom, one should seek immediate medical attention.

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3 Types of Food That Cause Acne

A common skin condition that causes inflamed bumps, spots, pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads, acne affects up to 10% of the world’s population. There are many treatment options available for acne; this skin condition can, however, be stubborn and persist for a long time. If you or a loved one is dealing with this annoying skin issue, keep reading for more information. Here, we discuss the top foods that cause acne and also talk about anti-acne foods that can help combat this skin disorder naturally.

What Are Some Foods That Cause Acne?

Dairy food that cause acne

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Acne is usually caused by excess oil production by the sebaceous glands in the skin that can lead to clogged pores, causing break-outs. Genetics, hormones, stress, etc. are known triggers that cause acne. Researchers have now identified a strong link between diet and acne, so what you eat impacts your skin, especially if you’re acne-prone. Scroll down below to learn the top inflammatory foods that cause acne.

Sugar and Refined Grains

A diet rich in refined carbohydrates and sugars is linked to greater inflammation, which can trigger acne in individuals prone to this problem. Foods made from refined flour like white bread, cereal, pasta, deserts, and soda spike up your insulin levels, leading to hormonal imbalances, activating sebaceous glands. As sebaceous glands produce more oily secretions, your skin breaks out into acne.

Dairy Products 

The Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series Pediatric Program conducted a study in 2011 that determined that in industrialized countries, dairy consumption past infancy contributes to acne later in life. Dairy stimulates the production of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and boosts enzymatic activity of mTORC1, both of which contribute to the development of acne and other inflammatory diseases.

Processed Foods

Increased consumption of processed foods like burgers, fries, chips, nuggets, hot dogs, milkshakes, etc. are among the top foods that cause acne. Researchers are yet to find an exact link between fast food and acne; processed food contains a significant amount of refined grains, dairy, and chemical ingredients all of which can trigger acne. Eating excessive fast food leads to hormonal imbalances, which can result in acne.

Does Chocolate Cause Acne?

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If you have acne-prone skin and love chocolates, this may be an intense question raging in your mind. However, most dermatologists and researchers agree that there’s no conclusive evidence linking chocolate directly to acne. That being said, certain ingredients in chocolate, including sugar and dairy, can aggravate existing acne and pimples. Sugar leads to insulin spikes and increased production of androgens, which results in increased sebum production, causing acne and pimples.

face-mask for acne

So, the next question is: what about the cocoa found in chocolate? With all the hype around the anti-inflammatory properties of dark chocolate, you’d wonder if eating dark chocolate with less sugar and dairy can cut the risk of acne. Well, researchers and dermatologist are divided on this as well.

Some studies suggest that the fatty ingredients in dark chocolate can actually trigger acne. However, most experts agree that more detailed research and studies are required to establish a clear link between chocolate and acne. After all, dark chocolate also contains dairy, even if there’s less than in milk chocolate. You can also try making your own hot chocolate with coconut milk or another dairy substitute and an artificial sweetener.

face-mask for acne

Ultimately, the best thing to do is keep a food journal will help you identify your trigger foods, and if chocolate is among them, you’ll unfortunately have to forgo this particular treat to prevent acne flare-up.

What Foods Help Heal Acne

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We’ve talked about foods that cause acne; now let’s focus on nutrient-rich, antioxidant-loaded food sources that can actually heal or prevent acne. Keep reading to know the top foods that can help combat this common yet distressing skin condition.

Turmeric

A bright yellow spice native to Asia, turmeric contains a powerful polyphenol, curcumin, which has strong antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial properties. Consuming turmeric in your daily diet has an anti-inflammatory effect on your body and can help reduce acne.

Fatty Fish

Eating fatty fish like salmon, tuna, and sardines a couple of times a week is beneficial for your overall health and skin in particular. These fatty fish are rich in the Omega-3 fatty acids that promote the growth of healthy skin cells, improving the overall texture and appearance of complexion. Fatty fish is also rich in those antioxidants that prevent free radical damage and reduce inflammation on the skin. Reduced inflammation combined with an anti-oxidant boost can significantly reduce acne and pimples.

Probiotic Foods

There is increasingly evidence between a healthy gut and good skin. Probiotic-rich foods like miso, sauerkraut, and kimchi contain beneficial bacteria that can not only improve digestion, but also block sebum production and reduce inflammation, reducing acne and pimples.

​​Conclusion

Acne is a stubborn skin condition that can wreak havoc with your skin and dent your self-confidence. As credible research points to a connection between an unhealthy diet, rich in refined grains, sugar, and saturated fats to acne, it is evident that what you eat has a huge impact on your skin.

Acne is an inflammatory skin disorder which can be managed with a combination of medication and a healthy diet. If you’re prone to acne, it’s important to monitor the foods that may be triggering a flare-up. Loading up on nutrient-dense food, rich in plants, veggies, whole grains, and lean protein is a great way to combat the overall inflammatory response of the body, which can improve your skin, reducing acne, pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. Managing your stress is also an important factor in controlling acne flare-ups.

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Knee Popping: Why Is It Happening & How to Stop It

knee

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The older you get, the more you can expect your body to make noises; especially your joints. If you find that your knees make sound when standing up or going up and down stairs, this could be completely normal. Whether or not you need to be concerned about knee popping will depend on if it is accompanied by pain.

What Is Knee Popping?

When it comes to knee popping, this can be caused by a variety of things. Some of them are harmless while others might be a sign of a serious issue. Below are some of the reasons why you might experience popping or other discomfort in your knee.

Mechanical Popping

When it comes to this kind of knee popping, it might feel like something is caught on the inside of your knee and is popping as you move your leg back and forth. Often, this is a sign of a meniscus tear or a piece of cartilage that has become loose within the joint. These components may get caught in the knee as you move your leg and cause a popping sensation.

Crepitus

This word sounds incredibly scary and like some serious disease, but it actually describes the crunching sound that you can hear and feel in your knee as you move the joint back and forth. It can be caused if you have chondromalacia, cartilage wear, or arthritis in your knee.

Crepitus is a more constant problem than mechanical popping, and it is often felt more than it is heard. If you’re curious to know what it feels like or if you have this issue, then sit on a high chair or table and let you knees dangle over the edge. Place your hand over your kneecap, and then gently swing your legs back and forth. If you feel a crunchy sensation under your hand, you might have crepitus.

Snapping Tendons

If your tendons are swollen due to an injury or other issue, they may catch on the knee as you bend it. If you have this ailment, you may be able to feel it right beneath your skin at the back of your leg.

Is There a Need for Knee Popping?

In some cases, you may get a pocket of air trapped in your knee, which will give you the sensation you need to pop it—kind of like you pop your knuckles. Knee popping can be done, but it should be done safely, which means you’ll have to move with intention as well as carefully and slowly.

The best way to pop your knee is to stretch it. To accomplish this task, you’ll want to take pressure off the joint by sitting on the floor. You’ll then extend your leg out in front of you and point your toes upward. From there, you will then raise your leg upward as high as it can go. You can then bend your knee in and out toward your body until you hear a pop.

Reasons Why You Might Need to Pop Your Knee

If you don’t have one of the ailments listed above and you actually have to pop your knee, there could be many reasons for this. One of those reasons has to do with the synovial fluid in your joints. This component contains oxygen and nitrogen, as well as other elements, and on occasion, these gases build up and need to be released. This can cause the popping sound or the need to pop your knees.

Why Knee Popping Happens and How to Stop It

There are many reasons why knee popping happens, but most of them are associated with age, injury, or other ailments such as arthritis. When it comes to crepitus, there’s not much that can be done to fix this problem. It’s not possible to smooth cartilage that has become roughened.

If crepitus is accompanied by pain, the only thing you can really do is control the swelling that might be occurring inside your knee. This can be accomplished through physical therapy and exercises, over-the-counter medications, or maybe even steroid injections administered by a doctor.

When it comes to mechanical popping and snapping tendons, surgery may be required to fix these issues. Often this is done arthroscopically. However, you can expect time for recovery after the process and physical therapy to get you back on your feet and moving the way you should.

Stretch and Strengthen Your Legs

stretch leg

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In addition to treating whatever condition might ail you, you might also consider doing some stretching or leg strengthening to reduce the amount of knee popping you experience. Some of the exercises you might consider include:

Calf Release

Sitting on the floor, you will place a tennis ball under your calf. You will then move your body so that the ball rolls along your calf muscle. If you find a tender spot, you’ll need to move your foot up and down for 30 seconds.

These exercises can be beneficial because if your calf muscles are tight, they will put pressure on your knee and may even pull the knee cap out of alignment. This exercise can be done up to six times a week.

Quadriceps Strengthening

Your quadriceps is the muscle at the front of your thigh. To do this strengthening exercise, you’ll want to sit on the floor with your legs extended in front of you and your back straight. You can put your hands out to your sides on the ground for balance. You’ll then tighten your quads and hold them for 8 seconds, then release them for 2 seconds. The goal will be to work up to a set of 30 repetitions at least 2 to 3 days a week.

Making these muscles stronger will give your knee better support. It may help so that knee popping doesn’t happen as often or so that you don’t injure yourself, which could also lead to popping in your knee.

Conclusion

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In most cases, the knee popping your feel or hear in your body is normal and nothing you have to worry about. However, if you experience pain or other discomfort along with the knee popping, you may consider getting it looked at by a professional.

Sudden Pain in the Eye

Pain means different things to various individuals, but sudden pain in the eye means something important is happening. It does not mean there is a difference between sharp-and-gone or sustained pain. When it happens in an eye, either type needs attention.

Sudden Pain in Eye – Ocular

Ocular pain originates from outer areas of the eye surface structure. It serves as a warning that problems such as conjunctivitis, corneal abrasion, chemical or flash burns, blepharitis, sty or chalazion. These last three situations result from irritation and/or inflammation.

Some sudden pain in the eye – ocular pain – comes from a blockage in the oil glands. This can occur at the eyelid edges or just under the skin below the lower lashes. The lump that forms is irritating to the eye, painful to touch and affects both adults and children.

Stabbing Pain in Eye – Orbital

Orbital pain is a deep and dull ache behind the eye or in it. Disease is the usual cause of this type of pain. Some of the stabbing eye paindiseases that produce a stabbing pain in the eye – orbital pain – include glaucoma, iritis, optic neuritis, sinusitis, migraine headaches (especially cluster migraines) or traumatic and penetrating eye injury.

Orbital pain has a range of possible origins, but the sudden pain in the eye that is the scariest and impacts a person in the greatest way is optic neuritis. This affects the optic nerve connecting to the back of the eye. Inflammation of the optic nerve causes eye pain, changes in vision and intense pressure from the swelling behind the eyeball.

Rescula

Just 15 years ago, three medications were available on the market to treat glaucoma. Today, there are at least six with multiple options within each one. The newest entry into this field is Rescula. This is a prescription drug by CIBA Vision.

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) gave approval for its use to treat patients who experience intraocular pressure (IOP), open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. It is useful in lowering intraocular pressure to a level that is more acceptable.

Ilevro

Rescula is not alone debuting on the stage of pain relief. Ilevro is an old pro in eye care. It is also a prescription enjoying its new purpose as an ophthalmic pain relief suspension.

Alcon is the company responsible for the launch of Ilevro in late January 2013. It is useful for treatment of inflammation and pain accompanying cataract surgery. Ilevro touts some positive elements.

Ilevro ophthalmic suspension has limited interaction with other topical eye medications. With the advice of the administering physician, it is important to observe the time frame between the administrations of multiple medications.