Dilated Eyes? 9 Possible Causes

Blonde woman prone to dilated eyes

Tiny muscles in the colored part of your eye control your pupil’s size. The iris is the colored part of your eye, and it controls how much light enters your eye. A normal, healthy iris expands and contracts to allow more light in if it’s dark and less light when the conditions become brighter. Pupils that get dilated expand to an abnormal size and often refuse to contract.

Normal pupils in younger adults may be 2 to 4 millimeters wide in bright conditions and expand to almost 8 millimeters in very dark states. Pupil size varies a little, but those numbers indicate an average size. Older adults may see their pupils shrink a little with age making it harder to see in dark situations, but the change is often so minor it doesn’t affect eyesight.

Several things may cause pupils to dilate including some medications and medical disorders. While a dilated pupil is a symptom of a condition called anisocoria, it’s not the same thing as dilated pupils, but the two get confused with each other quite often. People suffering from anisocoria may end up with two pupils of varying sized whereas dilated pupils tend to mirror each other’s size.

​The Likely Culprits Behind Your Dilated Eyes

Yellow eyes which is likely to become dilated eyes

Alcohol may cause your pupils to dilate or react slowly to changes in the light. If you often have a few drinks after work or on the weekend and just noticed your eyes widening, wait until the alcohol wears off and see if they return to normal. If they still refuse to contract and expand correctly, consider the following medications since they may cause dilated pupils, they include:

  • Decongestants
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-seizure medications
  • Anti-nausea medications
  • Botox medications or treatments
  • Atropine
  • Antihistamines
  • Drugs for motion sickness

Eyeglasses for dilated eyes

Always consult your doctor before stopping or starting any medication whether it’s prescribed or over the counter drugs. Some of the medicines above may save your life. Talk to your doctor if they put you on new medications that seem to cause dilated pupils. They may swap you to a different type of drugs or have some advice on ways to treat the dilation. Either way, always talk to your doctor about drugs.

If you just started taking some new drugs and your pupils dilate, it’s pretty easy to figure out the medication is the culprit. However, some of the drugs on our list may cause dilated pupils months after you start taking them instead of right away. This is why we stress talking to your physician or pharmacists. Either person will tell you if the side effects include dilated pupils.

You probably need to ask your doctor about non-prescription medications as well, especially if you take any of the medicines on the list that requires a prescription just to stay safe. If you suspect a pill that you picked up off the shelf is causing your pupil problems, it’s probably safe to stop taking those drugs and see if the issue ends.

Another problem you may experience is drugs reacting poorly to other medications if you start taking something new. For instance, if you take motion sickness medication and it’s never caused your pupils to dilate, and your doctor recently prescribed an antidepressant, the two drugs may not play well together. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to confirm and seek alternative remedies.


Eyes prone to dilated eyes

Any injury to the eye that includes damage in or around the iris may cause dilation at the time of the accident or years later if scar tissue gets in the way. A number of eye surgeries including cataract and glaucoma surgery. Some eye surgeries carry a fair amount of risk, so ask your doctor about possible side effects before having a procedure done.

Benign episodic unilateral mydriasis which often comes with or before a migraine may cause pupil dilation. If you experience severe headaches with pain behind your eyes, this condition may explain your dilated pupils and blurry vision. In some cases, the pupil dilation and blurry vision that comes with this disorder may last twelve hours or longer. Talk to your doctor about treatment if this is common.

On a side note about benign episodic unilateral mydriasis; young women experience this disorder more often than older women or men of any age. Older women and men may experience this condition, but it’s more common in younger women. When the headaches leave, the symptoms usually dissipate, and your pupils should return to normal without treatment unless your experience this problem often.

Adie’s pupil, sometimes called tonic pupil, is actually a neurological disorder that causes one pupil to grow larger than the other one. The condition is rare, but it may be the cause of dilated pupils. Unfortunately, a cure for Adie’s pupil doesn’t exist at the time of this writing. Also, what causes Adie’s pupil is a mystery, but head trauma, infections, and some surgeries may cause the disorder.

Some brain injuries such as blunt force trauma or piercing of the brain may cause your pupils to dilate permanently. Injuries usually cause only one pupil to dilate, and your doctor probably discussed this with you if you’ve injured your brain. That said, a concussion may not require immediate medical attention if you’re not aware you have one. If you suspect an untreated injury, talk to your doctor.

A random dilated pupil or pupils that seem mysterious may be a sign you have a neurological disorder or brain tumor. If you suddenly find your pupils dilate without cause, consult your doctor right away because you may suffer from an untreated brain injury or a tumor. Getting up to fast and banging your head on a cabinet door or other minor head injuries may hurt your brain. Get it checked out.

​Self-Inflicted Causes for Dilated Pupils

dilated eye peeping at a hole

We don’t have any proof, but alcohol may end up as the chief cause for random pupil dilation. However, if you consume enough to cause pupil dilation, it’s doubtful you’ll notice pupil dilation, and it’ll wear off as the alcohol wears off. This is the primary reason we didn’t count alcohol as one of the causes for dilated pupils, but we felt it needed mentioning and a little explanation anyway.

Recreational drug use sort of falls into the same category as alcohol but some drugs leave you more aware of your surroundings than others. However, LSD, Ecstasy, cocaine, and amphetamines may heighten your senses but also cause pupil dilation in many cases. We don’t have a complete list of recreational drugs, but if you partake in any, either stop or talk to your doctor about side effects.

Sexual arousal or even mild attraction may cause your pupils to dilate. Pupils dilate during sex, or when we look at people, we find attractive. The change in your iris may go unnoticed, but it’s there nonetheless. It’s rare but not unheard of for pupils to remain dilated after sex for a few hours. If your pupils get stuck after sex in an enlarged state often, talk to your doctor about possible causes for this.

Bonus: Possible Solutions or Cures for Dilated Pupils

Woman holding an eyeglass for dilated eyes

It may sound like a broken record but seek medical attention if the cause for your dilated pupils is not readily determined or if someone else notices them before your vision changes. If you know motion sickness drugs or decongestant medications affect your pupils, you may not need to worry as much. That said, talk to your doctor or pharmacists to see if they have any advice or alternatives.

Some medical conditions or drugs cause pupils to dilate, and there’s little you can do about it. You may end up stuck with the problem until your doctor takes you off the medication of your condition is cured. However, people that wear eyeglasses may need to try a simple remedy and switch to photochromic lenses. These lenses lighten and darken automatically based on the amount of light hitting them.

Your pupils can’t control themselves, or your medications inhibit full control of your iris, so photochromic lenses do the work for them. They’ll limit the amount of light that enters your eye and may help reduce headaches and nausea that often come with pupil dilation problems.  Talk to your eye doctor and find out if these lenses could solve your problem.

If you know you’re stuck with a dilated pupil and worry about the way it looks, talk to your eye doctor about cosmetic contact lenses. Your doctor may call them prosthetic contact lenses. These contact lenses cover up the pupil and make it less noticeable. The only drawback is you may need one for each eye to make your eyes match. Wearing contact lenses isn’t for everyone.


shown dilated eyes of a covered woman's face

We listed nine possible causes for pupil dilation above. We considered reactions to prescribed or over the counter medications as one cause since it seemed like one definition with some sub-definitions. Sudden or random pupil dilation may be scary and cause problems driving, so seek medical attention if it happens a lot. Your doctor knows your medical history and may find other causes or concerns.

Different Ways To Use How To Clean Glasses To Your Advantage

META: Many Americans who wear glasses grow frustrated trying to keep them clean. This article is a guide that details how to clean glasses.

If you are one of the two-thirds of Americans who wear prescription glasses, there’s a good chance that you often grow frustrated with how often you have to clean them. It likely seems that no matter what you do, there’s no way for you to keep your glasses clean. One of the things that you should look at is whether you are cleaning them correctly.

Failure to clean your eyeglasses is not only inconvenient, but it could cause a host of problems, such as headaches or worsening vision. That’s because when your glasses aren’t clean, you’ll have to strain our eyes to see. This could cause you to have to buy new lenses, which could cost up to $200. Below, you’ll find a guide and tips on how to clean glasses. The guide applies to all glasses, including:

  • Readi​ng Glasses
  • Prescription​​​​ Eyewear
  • Sunglass​​​​es

Use Dishwasher Soap

set of eyeglasses

According to American Optometric Association chairwoman Teri Geist, the best way to clean your classes is with dishwasher detergent. She recommends running your lenses under warm water and then putting a dollop of the dishwashing detergent on your fingers. Then, work it into the palm of your hand to create a lather, and apply this to your lenses. Once clean, you can dry the glasses with a soft cloth.

When doing so, make sure that the water that you use is warm and not hot. Although your glasses could potentially handle the hot water, this is not a risk you want to take. That’s because hot water can ruin the protective coating that covers many lenses. While the safest option would be to not use hot water at all, you should, at the very least, check with your glasses manufacturer to see if hot water is allowed.

Also, be sure to use the proper dishwashing soap when cleaning your glasses. You should not use any brand that contains added lotions or moisturizers, as these will damage your lenses. Be sure to check the label before using the dishwashing soap that you have next to your kitchen sink. You can use the soap not only to wash your lenses but to clean oil away from the nose pads as well.

You should also note that before you clean your glasses, you should take the time to ensure that your hands are clean. Otherwise, you’ll transfer lotions, oils, dirt, and grime from your hand onto your lenses. Be sure to wash and dry your hands thoroughly before handling or cleaning your eyewear. If you’d like to be extra careful, consider something like a lint-free towel to dry your hands.

Lastly, make sure you dry your glasses thoroughly. If you fail to do so, you’ll likely leave soap residue behind on the lenses. This could cause streaks to appear on your lenses. It could also increase the likelihood of smudging or the chances of attracting dust particles. Make sure your glasses are completely dry before you begin wearing them again. Rinse both sides of the lenses, not just a single one.

Use A Cloth Designed Explicitly for Glasses

woman wearing eyeglasses

When cleaning your glasses, you should also be sure to pick a cleaning cloth that is designed explicitly for lenses. Consider using something like a soft microfiber cloth, or head to your local optometrist to pick up a fabric made for your type of glass. The material on these clothes is soft enough that they won’t scratch your lenses. They’ll also soak up any excess water that is leftover from cleaning.

Use Disinfecting Wipes To Clean Areas Besides the Lenses


When it comes to cleaning your glasses, you should not only concern yourself with the lenses but with the frames as well. To clean the frames on your glasses, consider using disinfecting wipes. This will help kill germs or buildup that has occurred on the nose and ear pieces of your shells. Tubs of disinfectant wipes are relatively cheap and should last you for months.

Consider Glasses Wipes While on the Go


When traveling, you may not always have access to a sink and dishwashing detergent. As we’ll highlight in the “Ways Not To Clean Your Glasses” section below, many people elect to use their shirt in an attempt to wipe their lenses clean. However, this often proves to be ineffective and could cause more problems.

Instead of using your shirt, consider carrying glasses wipes with you. Many companies make portable glasses wipes that are individually sealed. This makes it easy to toss them in your wallet, purse, or pants pocket. If you happen to smudge your glasses while out, having one of these convenient wipes should clean things up in no time.

Eyeglass Cleaner Spray


Another option you have while traveling is a spray eyeglass cleaner. Many companies offer travel-sized spray. This is best for those who do not have access to tap water or dishwashing soap. However, you’ll want to make sure that you still have a microfiber or lint-free cloth available to dry the lenses. You’ll need to dry the lenses thoroughly when using a spray, just as you would with water and soap.  

Before using the spray, you should also check to see if your lenses have an anti-reflective coating. The type of spray that you purchase will depend on whether your glasses feature the anti-reflective coating. If your eyeglass manufacturer or optometrist provides you with the spray, it is likely ok. But if you’re ordering spray in the future, make efforts to ensure that you’re purchasing the correct product.

Allow a Professional to Clean Your Lenses


If you notice that you’re having a difficult time keeping dirt and oil from building in particular areas of your glasses, you may want to look into having your glasses cleaned by a professional. Professionals can disassemble your glasses, removing the gunk that’s accumulated, and put them back together. They may also use an ultrasonic cleaning device or replace and necessary components.

Protect Your Glasses When Not in Use


Many people tend to throw their glasses around their home when they are not wearing them. Unfortunately, this is an excellent way for them to accumulate dust and debris. They are also prone to scratching and breaking, especially if you are unsure where you last put them. To prevent this from happening, store your glasses in a protective case.

If you do not have a storage case, you should be more conscious of how you leave them laying around. Do not leave your glasses with the lenses facing down, causing them to make direct contact with a surface. This increases the chances of the lenses scratching. If you cannot store them in a protective case, be sure to leave your glasses upside down. Also, make sure you leave the temples open.

Ways Not to Clean Your Glasses


Many people feel as though they do not need to learn how to clean glasses. They feel as though the methods that they use currently are valid and that they do not need to make any changes. Unfortunately, this is not the case. Many of the conventional methods used to clean glasses are ineffective. Below, you’ll find the ideas you should avoid when learning how to clean glasses.

Fogging the Lenses and Using Your Shirt

This is arguably the most common method of cleaning glasses, but it could not be more wrong. Many people exhale onto their lenses, creating a fog. They then wipe the glasses clean with the inside of their shirt. However, this is ineffective because your shirt likely contains dust or dirt. In essence, you’re merely spreading dirt around your lenses and increasing the likelihood of scratching the glass.

Using Household Cleaners

Believe it or not, this method is more common than you may think. Many people use household cleaners like Windex to clean their glasses. Unfortunately, these cleaning agents often contain harsh chemicals that could strip the protective coating of your lenses. Never attempt to use any other household cleaner besides dishwashing detergent when it comes to cleaning your glasses.

Similarly, some people have said that they use a combination of vinegar and lemon juice to clean their glasses. The belief is that this is an all-natural cleaning agent, so it must be safe to use on glasses. However, this mixture is incredibly acidic, which could eat through the protective coating of your lenses. Even though it’s natural, you should still not use it to clean your glasses.  

Paper Towels or Napkins

As mentioned previously, one of the best tools to clean your glasses is a microfiber cloth. You should not use anything like napkins or paper towels. You should even avoid using toilet paper. That’s because all of these materials are harsh and can scratch your lenses easily. Additionally, they are not the best at removing dirt and grease. You’ll merely end up smearing your glasses rather than cleaning them.


When browsing online, it appears that some prescription eyeglass wearers have attempted to use toothpaste to remove scratches from their lenses. If you notice a scratch in your glass, we recommend that you do not try to fix it yourself. Instead, take it to your trusted optometrist, who can help you remove the scratch or potentially order replacement lenses.

6 Possible Causes of Night Blindness

Night blindness is a condition that causes people to have limited to no vision in low light and poor light situations. There are several treatments available, but until you know the cause, treatment has to wait. Here we will examine night blindness and its causes to help you get to the bottom of the condition.

Although there is no age limit, night blindness generally affects older persons. Anywhere between 40 and 80-year-old humans, night blindness becomes an issue. We don’t know how many are affected, but the number being treated grows every year.

What causes this condition? Can it be treated? Can it be cured? This article will examine these questions and provide the answers. We will look at the seven main causes and find out what we can do to prevent and treat them. If you or someone you know suffers from this debilitating condition, this is the article for you.

You should always check with an eye doctor to be sure of the condition. Eye exams will be given, and specialized tests may be conducted to determine the cause. Because there are so many different causes, treatments, and conditions, it is next to impossible to say why a particular person may be suffering. Only a licensed ophthalmologist can find out for sure.

What is Night Blindness?

The medical term for the condition is called Nyctalopia. By definition, it is problems seeing in the dark or low light conditions. The cause is due to some different conditions, genetics or diseases, each with their own treatment or cure.

The main problem is identifying the cause. The only sure way is to have an eye exam which may require specialized testing. The eye doctor, or ophthalmologist, will be able to determine what is causing the impaired vision and be able to recommend a course of action regarding treatment better.

There are several terms for the condition which you may hear from time to time, especially from the eye doctor. These terms include:

  • Nyctalopia
  • Day Sight
  • Nyctalopia
  • Nocturnal Amblyopia

Regardless of the scientific term, one thing remains the same: Vision health when viewing objects, surroundings, and obstacles when switching from light to low light, or darkened areas, is difficult if not impossible.

What are the Causes and Symptoms of Night Blindness?

The actual number of causes will vary depending on who you talk to. However, most medical and scientific professionals can all agree that there are seven main causes. Let’s take a look at each one and find out what they are and what symptoms they cause.

Vitamin A Deficiency

The most prominent cause is a lack of vitamin A. Vitamin A deficiency can lead to a degeneration of rhodopsin. Rhodopsin is a molecular pigment in the rods of the pupil that are reactive to light. When they are exposed to light, they go through a condition known as photobleaching. The end result is our pupils dilate or constrict, controlling how much light enters our eyes.

Rhodopsin is named from the Greek combination of words for rose and sight, because of the purple or pink rose color of the pigment. Vitamin A deficiency can cause this rhodopsin to fail to photobleach, and in dim light situations, they do not return the pupil to its correct dilation.

Corrective lenses can be worn to help counteract this condition, as well as increasing your diet of Vitamin A, which can be found in green leafy vegetables, milk, and liver.


Cataracts are one of the top three reasons for the impaired night vision. Cataract is the medical name for the clear lens of the eye becoming cloudy.

Over time the cloudiness can become such that the vision is impaired, leading to eventual blindness if left untreated. Before blindness, though, cataracts will prevent the required amount of light to enter the lens of the eye through the pupil.

In low light situations, this can mean you won’t see much, if anything, at all. Because the cloudiness blocks the light, in dim lighting no light may make it through to the eye.

In most cases, cataracts are treated through medications and eventually surgery. Once the surgery is completed, normal vision is returned, though cataracts often return, it is a slow process and may only present once if the person happens to be too old for the condition to return before their death.


Glaucoma is a medical condition that affects the optic nerve. This nerve is what connects the eye to the brain. Glaucoma presents with the eventual decay of the nerve and can lead to total blindness. Like cataracts, before this happens, night vision becomes impaired.

Glaucoma is generally treated with medications, which can also cause night vision problems. The medications constrict the pupils to let less light in, which feeds glaucoma. Because the pupils stay dilated even in low light conditions, the medications can also be blamed for day sight.

If this happens, corrective surgery may be taken to help protect the optic nerve, or a new medication may be administered to attempt to prevent surgery and maintain vision at night.


When blood sugar levels are uncontrolled, it can affect vision. Diabetes has many detrimental side effects, one of which being poor eyesight.

If diabetes has progressed, untreated to the point of vision impairment; little can be done to reverse it. However, if the disease is treated before vision problems, they can be avoided altogether.

It is unlikely, though it does happen, that vision impairment is the first sign of diabetes. In those rare cases, though, corrective lenses can be worn to aid the eyes in receiving enough light in dim light situations, or at night.

Unlike the corrective lenses used for a vitamin A deficiency, most diabetic lenses are not allowed to be used to drive a vehicle at night.


Biological conditions are also a cause for vision impairment, and one such condition can lead to problems seeing at night. The condition is known as keratoconus, which is a biological condition where the cornea has a steep curve.

The cornea is the clear lens of the eye that reflects and directs light into the pupil. In people with keratoconus, the lens is too steeply curved to direct light to the pupil when the light sources are low, such as at night.

The condition also plays havoc in lighting conditions that are both bright and dim at the same time, such as watching a movie in a theater, where the screen if bright but the ambient lighting is dark.

You may also find this condition in flickering lights such as when candles or blinking lights are used as the sole light source. There are several treatments for this condition, depending on how severe the case is.

In mild cases, glasses can be worn to correct the lighting issue. In more severe cases you may require surgery. These surgeries can include intacs surgery, which is a surgical implant of a hard lens in the inside of the cornea (instead of a contact lens on the outside), or a complete corneal transplant surgery.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa is a condition with the pigmentation of the eye which causes the eyesight to deteriorate slowly. Unlike untreated diabetes, the condition rarely, if ever, causes complete blindness.

However, it can be severe enough to cause you to fail to see at night. Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic condition and is passed down from generation to generation. It isn’t a guarantee that you will have the condition just because your parents or grandparents do. However, in virtually every case, there is a family member who also has it.

The condition is slow progressing, though it rarely stops completely. Once it has set in, it can take decades to reach complete blindness. Night vision is usually one of the first vision acuities to fail, though.

There is no known treatment for the condition. Several things can be done including increasing vitamin A intake, corrective lenses and learning to do things at a slower pace to help adjust to changing light conditions. You may need to stop in a dark room for a minute or two instead of walking straight in, for example. Or shield your eyes when a light is first turned on.

​In Conclusion

Impaired night vision is a real concern. What is most alarming is the number of different causes and underlying conditions. With at least seven known causes of night blindness, the varying treatments, if any, and the severity of the underlying conditions make it a truly terrifying condition.

Only an eye doctor can diagnose what is causing the impairment, and it is crucial to make an appointment as soon as you have fears of losing your sight at night. The conditions do not go away on their own, and the sooner you can be tested, the sooner treatment can be administered.

While losing your vision in the dark isn’t the end of the world, it can cause you undue stress and frustration, so get your eyes checked and continue to do so regularly.

7 Common Types Of Eye Infections

Woman wearing eyeglasses to prevent eye infections

Conjunctivitis is the most common type of infection that can affect the eyes. However, there are many other types of infections that have similar symptoms. Here is what you need to know about the most common eye infections and how they are treated.

Eye infections usually cause symptoms such as redness, pain, and discharge to appear. Did you know that infections can have different causes? These are the most common types of infections that can affect the eyes, their symptoms, and how they are usually treated.

Different Types Of Eye Infection

elderly getting checked up due to eye infections

Conjunctivitis Or Pink Eye

Woman with eye infections

Conjunctivitis is by far the most common infection that can affect the eyes. It can be very contagious, and young children are likely to be affected by this condition. It can spread from one eye to the other, which is why you should avoid touching your eyes if you suspect you have pink eye.

The good news is that conjunctivitis typically clears up on its own after a few days. However, you will have to take a few steps such as washing your hands regularly or changing your pillowcase to prevent the infection from spreading to the other eye and avoid contaminating others.

Pink eye affects the mucous membrane that protects the eye or conjunctiva. This membrane becomes red and inflamed.

Discharges or mucus can happen, and it is possible to experience itchiness, sensitivity to light, and a blurred vision.

Pink eye is often caused by a viral bacterial infection. Swollen lymph nodes are a common sign of a viral infection. In some cases, pink eye is caused by viruses, fungi, or is linked to an allergic reaction.

The treatment varies in function of what caused the infection. A viral infection will typically go away after a few days. Antibiotics or antihistamines might be prescribed if your doctor suspects that your conjunctivitis is caused by a viral infection.

Viral Keratitis

Eye with infections getting treated with eye drops

Viral keratitis is an infection of the cornea or transparent tissue that covers the eye. This type of infection can become serious if it isn’t treated early. In some cases, keratitis can damage vision is left untreated for too long.

The symptoms of viral keratitis resemble other eye infections. You might experience redness, pain, discharge, and blurred vision. You may also feel that there is a foreign object in your eye and it might be difficult to open your eyelid.

This type of infection can be the result of swimming in contaminated water, being exposed to a virus, or using contact lenses that haven’t been properly disinfected.

Antibacterial and antiviral eye drops are often used to treat this type of infection. You might need to take oral antibiotics if you suffer from a severe infection.

Fungal Keratitis

Woman with eye infections while in the beach

This type of infection is caused by a fungus. There are different species of fungus found in nature that can cause fungal keratitis.

This condition is more frequent in tropical regions. It is often contracted after an injury where a foreign object penetrates the eye. However, contact lenses can also cause fungal keratitis.

The symptoms are similar to other forms of keratitis. They include redness, pain, and discharge.

Fungal keratitis is diagnosed by analyzing a sample of corneal tissues. If the infection is found to be caused by a fungus, your doctor will prescribe antifungal eye drops or ointment to get rid of the infection.

Ocular Herpes

Woman treating her eye infections with eye drops

Ocular herpes is not a common type of infection. However, the type 1 herpes simplex virus can affect the eyes if a person is in contact with someone who is infected with an active strain of the virus, or if they have been infected with the virus and end up touching their eyes after touching a cold sore.

Ocular herpes is similar to the process of a cold sore forming on the skin, but it affects the cornea of the eyes. It causes an inflammation of the eye and can affect vision.

In some cases, ocular herpes appears in tissues that are deeper than the cornea. This type of infection is rare and can cause more serious vision problems.

It is possible to manage this type of infection with antiviral eye drops and oral medication. An ointment or steroid drops can reduce inflammation and prevent scarring of the cornea. If scar tissues appear on the corner, they can sometimes be removed with surgery.

Contracting herpes means that recurring infections are likely to appear. Ocular herpes is a condition that will more than likely come back, but it is possible to manage it with eye drops or medication.


Boy with Trachoma eye infection

Trachoma is a serious eye infection that can result in blindness. It is caused by a type of bacteria known as Chlamydia trachomatis.

This isn’t a condition you are likely to encounter in the U.S., but it is the most common preventable cause of blindness around the globe. This is a condition you need to be aware of if you plan on traveling abroad. Children are more likely to get this type of infection.

Trachoma is contagious. It can spread by touching, by sharing items, and is sometimes spread by flies.

This condition is characterized by symptoms such as itching, irritation, and discharge. Patients often experience eye pain and sensitivity to light as well.

This infection causes the eyelid to swell and become deformed. As a result, the eyelashes can scratch and damage the cornea. If the infection isn’t treated, the cornea becomes cloudy and blindness sets in.

Trachoma can be treated with antibiotics. In some cases, surgery is needed to remove damaged tissues.


Endophthalmitis eye infection

Endophthalmitis is a type of infection that affects the deeper tissues of the eye. It is not a common type of infection. However, you might be at risk to develop this condition if you underwent eye surgery or sustained an injury.

Cataract and glaucoma surgeries increase your risks of developing an infection in the deeper tissues of the eye. An injury where a foreign object penetrates the eye can also result in an infection appearing. There are also cases where endophthalmitis is the result of an infection spreading from another part of the body to the eye.

Symptoms include eye pain, decreased vision, discharge, and swollen eyelids. This condition can appear a month or more after a surgery or injury. It usually starts with mild symptoms such as a blurred vision or sensitivity to light.

If a healthcare provider suspects that the symptoms are caused by an infection, they will take tissues from the eye and do some tests to determine if an infection is present.

It is possible to treat this type of infection by injecting antibiotics into the eye to immediately reach the deeper tissues. Corticosteroids can be used to treat swelling.

If endophthalmitis is linked to the presence of a foreign object in the eye, removing the object should be a priority.

Acanthamoeba Keratitis

Acanthamoeba Keratitis eye infection

Acanthamoeba keratitis is a rare type of eye infection caused by an amoeba known as Acanthamoeba. It affects the cornea and is similar to other types of keratitis.

This amoeba can be found in nature. Infection can happen after swimming in a lake, or after the eye is exposed to a foreign object. It is also possible to develop this infection by wearing contact lenses that weren’t properly disinfected or stored.

Symptoms include redness and sensitivity to light. You might also experience discharge and tearing, blurred vision, and eye pain. Some patients feel that there is a foreign object in their eye.

Blindness is a possible complication if this type of keratitis isn’t treated. It is diagnosed by scraping tissues from the cornea and analyzing them. It can be difficult to diagnose this condition since the symptoms are similar to other forms of keratitis.

You can reduce your risks of developing this type of eye infection by keeping your contact lenses clean and by storing them properly. Avoid swimming with contact lenses, and keep in mind that you are more at risk to develop this type of infection if you have a damaged cornea.

When To See A Doctor

Even though the severity of these different infections varies, the symptoms can be very similar. It can be difficult to determine if you are experiencing the symptoms of pink eye or the early symptoms of a more serious type of infection.

You should see a doctor if you experience eye pain or if your vision changes. You should also schedule an appointment with your doctor if the symptoms last more than a couple of days or if they seem to get worse.

Conjunctivitis is a mild condition that often goes away on its own. However, it is best to see a doctor to rule out other causes for your symptoms. It is crucial to treat serious eye infections as early as possible to prevent damages to eye tissues.

If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, stop wearing contact lenses and keep in mind that some of these infections can be contagious. Wash your hands often, don’t share items with others, and avoid touching your eyes. Don’t try to self-medicate with eye drops since using eye drops or ointment that isn’t adapted to your condition could make things worse.

These are the seven most common infections that can affect the eyes. Conjunctivitis is by far the most common condition that can affect the eyes, but keep in mind that there are other more serious infections with similar symptoms that require medical treatment.

What’s The Most Popular Eyeglasses Frames

There are several interesting trends that are currently reshaping the world of eyewear fashion. You should research these different trends if you want to get a new pair of glasses. These seven popular eyeglass frames are worth considering if you want something new and fashionable.

Are you shopping for a new pair of eyeglasses? There are many options to consider if you want to try a new type of frames. Designers are offering a wide range of eyeglass frames and finding something that matches your style and personality should be easy thanks to the many fun design trends that are popular at the moment. Here are the main trends you need to know about.

Thin Metal Frames

In previous years, designers focused on thick acetate frames. This design is great if you want to make a statement or are looking for a hipster or geek chic look.

Thin metal frames are a new trend that goes back to retro designs. The thin metal frames evoke the very first eyewear designs but designers have found several ways to revolutionize this design.

You can, for instance, find frames that combine materials. The lower portion of the frame is made out of a thin metal wire while the upper portion is made out of acetate and balances the frames by adding thicker lines.

You will find a lot of rounded or aviator styles if you want to shop for this trend. These styles are discreet and versatile but work best for those with certain face shapes, including square, diamond, or heart shapes.

Because the thin metal style emphasizes the round design of the frame, this style might not be flattering if you have a round face unless you can find a design that uses angular lines, for instance by using acetate and thicker lines to create a classic horn-rimmed design.

Retro Minimalist Styles

Retro styles combined with minimalist lines are in. You can find eyeglass frames inspired by classic designs such as cat-eye frames or aviator glasses. These classic designs are fun but can look bulky. The modern takes on these classics use a minimalist approach to make these designs more versatile.

You will also notice some frames that create a modern effect by combining materials. Metal and acetate is a common combination that helps create minimalist lines based on classic frame shapes.

The minimalist approach makes lines and shapes stand out. The material and color of the frames become secondary, and the minimalist frames you choose to wear will help draw attention to your eyes and other features.

This trend is interesting if you want to find frames that will look discreet and need something you can wear in a professional setting.

The great thing about shopping for retro minimalist frames is that you can find designs that match your face shape. Designers have found new ways to play with round designs, square frames, cat eyes, aviator frames, and many other designs.

Wooden And Earthy Tones

Wood frames are a new trend that some celebrities and social media influencers have adopted. Wearing wood frames is a bold choice and this is something you should think about if you want frames that make a statement.

This original trend is connected to another more popular style. You will find a lot of designers who are offering frames in wooden and earthy tones.

You can also find frames that mimic the natural patterns of wood. We like this style because it is very original and it makes the frames stand out, but these frames make a strong statement and shouldn’t be combined with other extremely noticeable accessories.

Wooden and earthy tones are a more discreet choice that will work well with a wide range of styles and outfits. You can find frames in tones such as sienna, umber, oak, coffee, or ochre. These are original colors you wouldn’t expect to find when shopping for eyewear, but these wooden or earthy tones are very flattering for any skin tone or undertone.

We think this trend is an interesting way to wear frames with bold colors without having a hue overpower your entire look.

Transparent Frames

Transparent frames with a matte effect are another amazing trend for 2018. These eyeglass frames come in a wide range of hues and the matte finish makes these frames easy to combine with any outfit you want to wear.

Acetate is the most common material used to make these frames. Designers tend to favor square designs for these transparent frames, but you can find a few round designs as well.

This trend is interesting because it opens up the door for a wide range of hue that can be difficult to find when shopping for eyeglasses.

You can opt for an entirely transparent frame for something discreet, or shop for colorful frames that are still appropriate in a professional setting thanks to the matte finish.

The matte finish also works well with a wide range of eye color, hair color, and skin tones. We recommend getting different transparent frames, so you always have a few different hues to choose from and find the best glasses for your outfit or mood.

Transparent frames tend to look best with light clothing and discreet makeup, but the matte finish opens up more possibilities since the frames won’t stand out as much as a regular colorful frame would. However, we recommend that you opt for large frames if you decide to follow this trend.

Neutral Hues

Neutral hues have always been popular for eyewear. However, the current trend is to offer a wider range of neutral hues.

Traditionally, neutral hues included charcoal frames, rose gold, silver, and some nude shades. Neutral hues are more popular than ever before, and you can find a wide range of colors available.

Designers are expanding their selection with colors like discreet light blues, pinks, and purples. You can find warm whites and beiges, peach frames, smoky grays, or gold and rose frames with a matte effect.

You should own at least one pair of glasses in a neutral hue. These can be your go-to frames when you need to get dressed for work or want a pair of eyeglasses that will work with your outfit regardless of what you are wearing.

Wearing a neutral frame allows you to draw attention to another bold accessory or to wear bright colors that won’t clash with your frames.

Neutral hues can help soften your features, show off your natural eye color, and make it easier to wear thick frames without worrying about your eyewear becoming a fashion statement.

We like having a wider selection of neutral hues to choose from since these frames are a great way to add a pop of color to your outfit without overdoing it.

Tortoiseshell Patterns

Tortoiseshell frames are a classic trend that is making a comeback. They are traditionally reserved for sunglasses but you can find this pattern when shopping for regular frames as well.

The tortoiseshell pattern is very stylish and evokes classic fashion from the 50s. You can find this pattern on frames that have a vintage inspiration or on more modern designs.

Acetate is often used to make these modern frames. You can find frames with traditional tones used for this type of patterns, such as yellow, brown, or honey.

However, some designers are bringing new and unexpected colors to these patterns. You can find frames that use original colors like blue or purple to create a classic tortoiseshell pattern.

Look for horn-rimmed frames if you want to create a geeky and stylish look, or explore other shapes that would be more flattering for your features. This trend is fun when combined with oversized frames.

These frames are ideal if you often wear dark clothes, but you can make them work with other styles. They will probably look best if you have a vintage style or like accessories and clothes that create a modern take on a classic trend.

The downside of the tortoiseshell frames is that these patterns can look busy. These frames aren’t easy to combine with clothes that feature prints and patterns.

Topline Frames

Topline frames combine the transparent frame trend with designs that use thick and colorful acetate frames. The color changes along the frame and creates a lifting effect for your features.

The top of the frame is usually darker and thicker. Some frames have a dark color such as brown or smoky gray while others use a bold color or a pattern to draw attention to the top of the frame.

The lower portion of the frame is either transparent or uses a lighter color. Most topline frames have a lower portion that is thinner than the top of the frame.

We like this trend because these frames look very stylish and can help make you look younger by drawing attention to your brow and creating a lifting effect for your features.

You can find interesting color and pattern combinations, and a topline frame could be a great way to incorporate a bold color or pattern into your outfit without making a strong statement.

These seven frames would be an excellent choice if you are shopping for new eyewear. We like these trends because they are fun, modern, and easy to combine with your style and outfits you usually wear.

A Guide To Which Progressive Lenses Are The Best

Progressive lenses are a unique type of glasses designed to offer a smooth transition between the far and near-sighted parts of your lens. Not every progressive lens is the same, however. With four options to choose from, you might be wondering which ones are the best.

Since each option is tailor-made for different needs, this article is here to answer your questions and help you make the best buying decision possible. So, which progressive lenses are the best? Here’s what you need to know.

The Four Types

Progressive lenses come in four varieties. Each offers its own unique style and benefits, making it essential to weigh the pros and cons of each based on your individual needs. Here’s what each option has to offer.

Type 1

With technology constantly at your fingertips, your eyes are in a state of perpetual strain as you stare at a computer or your smartphone all day. If you’re the kind of person who is tech-savvy, then Type 1 Progressive lenses might be for you.

The strain placed on your eyes by computer screens causes objects closer in your field of view to become out of focus. With Digital Inside Technology, you can wear two near vision lenses in one. The first is adjusted for print media like newspapers or books, while the second lens is positioned at a different angle to make reading texts or emails easier.

The idea is to create a natural head position no matter what you’re reading. So, if you merely want to read as easily as you used to, these are an excellent option. This is also a great choice if you prefer thin, light lenses.

Type 2

Larger framed glasses are trending once again, but several types of lenses have yet to catch up. This creates a problem with the position you have to tilt your head, the quality of your vision, and your sense of style.

Several people with Progressive lenses run into adaption issues when switching from smaller to larger frames. The places they are used to looking through for reading support shift, which takes the eyes a while to get used to.

Style 2 incorporates FrameFit+ and Adaption Control Technology that makes it simple for your eye care professional to select the right lens size for your new frames. Like Style 1, this model is also suitable for both print and digital media.

By switching the position of the near vision sections of the lens, you can enjoy a new pair of glasses without any readjustments. If you enjoy being fashionable and hate dealing with a re-adaption each time you get a new pair of glasses, then this is an excellent option.

Type 3

Everyone’s face is unique, including their eyes and vision. If you require the aid of a stronger prescription or particular issues, then Type 3 is designed with you in mind. The company calls it FaceAdapt Technology, which means that each lens is tailor-made to meet your individual needs.

Not only are the lenses made with you in mind, but the anatomy of your face is also taken into consideration. By studying how the lenses rest once your frames are places on your ears and nose, Zeiss can ensure that their lens’ optical benefits are in the perfect position for you.

If you’ve had a difficult time with Progressive lenses in the past, require your glasses for every aspect of your day, or have special lens requirements based on your vision, then Type 3 might be the best option for you. Since these are custom made, you can also have them placed in new, fashionable frames.

Type 4

Is your job demanding or taxing on your vision? Maybe you spend your days at a drawing board, in the office, or create architectural design plans. On the other hand, you may be a caretaker who needs to switch between near and far vision constantly.

Whatever the case may be, Type 4 Progressive lenses are for you. This variant is also tailor-made, but is designed with your primary daily task in mind to make life a little easier. With IndividualFit Technology, these Progressive lenses incorporate every lens technology possible into your glasses to ensure your vision is comfortable from the beginning of your day to the end.

Which Lens Is the Best?

Determining which Progressive lens is the best depends on how you use your glasses. Picking out the option most suited to your lifestyle and vision isn’t always so easy, though. So, we’ve made this buyer’s guide to help steer you in the right direction.

Consider Your Vision

If you’re looking at Progressive lenses, then you already know you need a dual lens for both near and far objects. However, the strength of your prescription is a determining factor in which type is best.

Weaker prescriptions tend to be lighter on your face, which makes Type 1 an excellent choice if your vision just needs a little boost. Type 2 is also designed with weaker prescriptions in mind, though it can accommodate stronger options when necessary.

If you know you need a stronger prescription, or if you have special vision needs like glaucoma, then Type 3 is the best option. These lenses cater to unique needs, ensuring you can see everything crystal clear.

Type 4 is also an excellent option for those with stronger prescriptions, but it works better as a specialty lens for work situations. If you work long hours performing a single type of task but still need special vision requirements, then Type 4 is your best bet.

Think About Comfort

Everyone has owned that one pair of glasses that didn’t sit well on their face. It’s an annoying situation to deal with, often leading to the costly purchase of a second pair. So, keeping your comfort in mind when buying Progressive lenses ensure you’ll happier wearing them daily.

If you’re used to wearing a heavier pair of glasses all day, and the weight doesn’t bother you, then Types 3 and 4 are right up your alley. Stronger prescriptions increase the weight of your glasses, so these options should feel similar to what you are used to.

Some people can’t stand heavy glasses, which is where Type 1 comes into play. These lenses are designed to be lightweight on your face while remaining efficient. They’re similar to standard Progressive lenses with minor tweaks in the near vision part of the lens.

Type 2 works as a blend of comfort and style. If your prescription is light, then these might be the best option for you when picking out new frames. Keep in mind that Types 3 and 4 can also be tailor-made to fit new frames.

Consider Your Usage

How often do you plan on using your glasses, and what will you use them for the most? If you’re an everyday wearer that puts their glasses on when you wake and doesn’t take them off until it’s time for bed, then you might want to consider Type 4.

These lenses are tailor-made to suit the ins and outs of your day. Whatever your job or obligations might be, the near vision part of the lens is crafted to help you make the most out of your new glasses. If you need to see further more often, then the smaller parts within the lens can be widened. If you need to read most of the day, then they can be pushed closer together.

Like all Progressive lenses, they do so without having you tilt your head in uncomfortable positions like you would with bifocals. Plus, they can be custom fit into any style frame to help you look your best.

If you don’t wear your glasses all the time (maybe you primarily need them to read and drive), then opting for Types 1 or 2 would be the better choice. They’re lighter, more comfortable, and are ready to provide visual assistance when you need them.

All of these lenses are durable. So, wear and tear are the same as any other lens. You don’t have to worry about them deteriorating or popping out of the frame just because you wear them all day long.

The Best Lens

If you were to weigh the pros and cons of each Progressive lens, you would see that some offer more benefits than other. Take a look at this handy chart:

Type 1

  • Great for reading
  • Handles both digital and print media
  • Lightweight and thin

Type 2

  • All three qualities from Type 1
  • Fashionable
  • Tailor-made for your line of sight
  • Customized for modern lenses

Type 3

  • Also stylish
  • Tailor-made and customizable like Type 2
  • Handles high prescriptions and special visual needs
  • Great for digital and print media
  • Uses your facial anatomy to create a unique, personalized lens

Type 4

  • Everything from Type 2, except for the use of facial anatomy
  • Designed around your daily schedule

Best Ways To Treat Inflammatory Condition of the Eye

A number of inflammatory conditions can affect the eye, due to injury, infection or systemic disease. These inflammations can cause symptoms of redness, swelling, itching,

secretion of mucus, photosensitivity, pain and vision disturbances. If you experience these symptoms, contact a qualified eye specialist to determine the right course of treatment.

Common Eye Inflammatory Conditions

Many inflammatory eye conditions are common and can be acquired through environmental irritants, bacterial contamination or connection to other diseases. Conjunctivitis, uveitis, and keratitis can occur within the eye. Problems on the tissues surrounding the eyes can also cause inflammation, redness and pain. These conditions generally respond well to ophthalmic antibiotics and corticosteroid medications.


Lotemax is the brand name of a prescription eye medication called loteprednol etabonate in a 0.5 percent strength. It is a corticosteroid ointment used to treat inflammatory conditions of the eye. It works by inducing the production of phospholipase A and certain inhibitory proteins, which help to reduce the inflammatory agents.


The conjunctiva is the thin membrane that covers the surface of the eye and eyelid. Usually, tears produced by the eye help to remove irritants and contaminants from the conjunctiva. Chemical exposure, bacteria, fungi and allergies are common causes of conjunctivitis. The tears contain proteins and antibodies that help to neutralize these irritants. However, sometimes the bacteria overwhelm the ability of tears to wash away irritants, and the conjunctiva become inflamed. Itching, watering, a gritty feeling in the eyes, blurred vision and sensitivity to light can result. Cold or warm compresses can help to reduce irritation, but you may require a stronger remedy to completely relieve the problem.

Lotemax Skin Around the Eyelotemax

Lotemax can also be used on the tissues surrounding the eye to reduce inflammation from infection or injury. Because it is made to be used in the eyes, Lotemax is completely safe to use on the exterior of the eyes as well.


Long-term use of corticosteroid medications can have unpleasant side effects that range from fluid retention and weight gain to other physical changes in the body. Steroid drugs can suppress the immune system and can lead to more serious infections. They can elevate blood pressure and blood sugar. They can also have a detrimental effect on bones and blood vessels. One side effect of steroid drugs is the increased risk of cataract and glaucoma. If you have these conditions, talk with your eye doctor about the frequency and dosage of your steroid medication. People with sensitivities to steroid medications should not use Lotemax.

Irritated Eye Symptoms

A variety of conditions can cause red and irritated eyes. Some conditions, such as allergies, are less serious and can be treated with over-the-counter medications, while others may require additional medical attention and treatment. Some of the most common eye concerns patients have include itchiness, dryness, irritation, swelling, burning, pain and blurring.

Red Eyes

Redness of the eye area can be caused by various conditions, including trauma, infections, inflammation, and allergies. Pink eye infection (conjunctivitis) is a very common cause of eye redness. Inflammation causes the blood vessels in the eye to dilate, which turn the whites of the eye pink or red. It is most often accompanied by itchiness, swelling, and watering. It is very contagious. A person with pink eye infection should avoid rubbing his eyes and should see a doctor to get a prescription medication. Allergic conjunctivitis, a non-contagious form of conjunctivitis, also has these symptoms. It is usually treated with over-the-counter allergy medication.
Irritated Eye

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is a common condition that occurs when eyes don’t produce enough tears to provide sufficient moisture. As a result, the person will feel dryness and irritation. Other symptoms may include redness, stinging or burning, some discharge, sensitivity to light, and blurred vision. These symptoms can be relieved with over-the-counter eye drops. In some cases, dry eyes can be caused by other conditions, such as aging, eyelid problems, medications, hormonal changes, and environment. If the condition becomes severe, it is recommended to see a doctor who will decide on a proper treatment or refer to a specialist.

Itchy Eyes
Itchiness is most often caused by allergies. Over-the-counter allergy medications, such as lubricating eye drops, contain antihistamines that help relieve itchy eyes. It is important to avoid rubbing the eyes as it releases histamines that make the itching worse. Severe itching may require a prescription for a stronger medication. If the eye lids are itchy and inflamed, it could be blepharitis.


300_1201412Blepharitis is an inflammation of eye lids that is caused by an infection. Other symptoms may include burning, redness, irritation, crusting, and watering. No complete cure exists for this condition. Proper hygiene and over-the-counter medications can relieve the symptoms.

There are many possible causes of eye irritation. When they are detected and addressed early enough, they can be diagnosed and successfully treated by a medical professional. If you experience moderate or severe eye irritation, you should see a doctor. For additional information about caring for irritated eyes, go to http://www.totaleye.org/treatment-of-irritated-eyes-with-moist-heat/